The American Dream

An ideal that all humans should have equal opportunity to pursue happiness and success

“The American dream is that dream of a land where life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement” -James Truslow Adams

American dream settings

East egg –  These people are born into “the dream”.  False 

West egg –  These people “bootleg” their way to the top but never fully accepted into the elite social group.  Corrupt 

Valley of Ashes – These people work hard but they never make out of poverty. The dream constantly fails them. Failed

New york –  illusion of the dream, place to escape reality 


The Great Gatsby –

(Gatsby has)“..paid a high price for living too long with a single dream.

  • high price – death
  • life with daisy 
  • implies that Gatsby never had any other goals 

“..shivered as he found what a grotesque thing a rose is.

  • ugly / disgusting 
  • link (via the flower) to daisy 
  • A rose has thorns that can prick ad hurt you but when you first look at it all you see is its beauty and perfection. Daisy is the same. Gatsby sees her beauty and perfection and only at the last moment realises that she is damaging and dangerous she is not what she seems 


“A new world, material without being real, where poor ghosts, breathing dreams like air, drifted fortuitously about . . .”

  • the idea or illusion of being with daisy are essential for life for Gatsby. its as important as oxygen 
  • Gatsby creates this new persona at 17
  • full of “things” , His life is there but it is also not , he became Jay Gatsby and created a life, home ect, that goes with it but it was never real it was all and illusion.
  • refers to Gatsbys past haunting him , 
  • he was never truly living so he was always a ghost to the real world.

“Her Voice is full of money…. that was it. I’d never understood before. It was full of money-that was the inexhaustible charm that rose and fell in it, the jingle of it , the cymbals song if it… high in a white palace the kings daughter the golden girl…”

  • Powerful
  • Valuable
  • Attractive – money is attractive. 
  • Money sounds like…. high society, posh, confident, vocabulary. 
  • She embodies everything that comes with wealth.
  • Daisy has lots of money, and just does what she wants, but what she wants isn’t that much or she doesn’t actually do what she wants.
  • you never get tired of it/ it never runs out of charm.
  • bells.
  • coins.
  • advertisement have jingles.
  • The jingle draws you in, like Daisy’s voice draws you in.
  • You hit it and it makes a crashing noise.
  • Take a second look musical instrument? or  just crashing sound creator.
  • Daisys colour = White
  • Palace is a symbol of Wealth


This is when we find out exactly why Gatsby is so in love with Daisy. She represents money, plain and simple. ‘Jingle’ and ‘cymbals’ suggest almost that her voice is a taunting advertisement for the wealthy lifestyle that Gatsby so desires. She never knew what it meant to want something because she would always get it, and this is unconsciously conveyed by the lilt of her voice. Nick is half-consciously figuring out what’s so elusive and magnetic about the quality of Daisy’s voice, but Gatsby grasps it intuitively. –


The Valley Of Ashes – Annotation – The Great Gatsby

ABOUT half way between West Egg and New York the motor road hastily joins the railroad and runs beside it for a quarter of a mile, to shrink away from a certain desolate area of land. This is a valley of ashes a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens; where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and, finally, with a transcendent effort, of men who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air. Occasionally a line of grey cars crawls along an invisible track, gives out a ghastly creak, and comes to rest, and immediately the ash−grey men swarm up with leaden spades and stir up an impenetrable cloud, which screens their obscure operations from your sight.

But above the grey land and the spasms of bleak dust which drift endlessly over it, you perceive, after a moment, the eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg.

  • On the way to New York 
  • Shrink away implies that the road wants to pull away from this area but cant go far. Its “creeped” by it. Desolate means “bleak emptiness” , not much happening , unpleasant. the area doesn’t produce or grow.
  • Valley of Ashes: valley – hole like, Ashes – burnt out dying. NY and other surrounding areas dump their ashes from their fires. Its a dead place.
  • Farm, Grow , Garden , all imply life how ever Fitzgerald states that ashes are growing into things you might normally find on a farm  he also says the gardens are grotesque
  • Grotesque- Ugly and repulsive.  
  • Ashes are forming everything , they are the only things growing. and therefor Fitzgearald is trying to show us that this feeling of being burnt out has taken over this place.
  • Transcendent, beyond or above the range of the normally human experience. – These people live in a world where this is the everyday.
  • Worn out, Tired , crumbling- about to break apart.
  • Obscure operations – not really knowing what is going on. 


The Great Gatsby

Allusion – An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.

Oxymoron – a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction (e.g. faith unfaithful kept him falsely true ).

The Great Gatsby – Tom

Tom – through our eyes   

  • Strong
  • Buff
  • Intimidating
  • Overbearing
  • Confident
  • Arrogant
  • Dominering
  • wealthy


Tom – through nicks eyes

  • Strong
  • Sturdy
  • Supercilious
  • Cruel
  • Arrogant
  • Husky
  • Defiant
  • Dominant
  • Aggressive
  • Gruff
  • Power

Tom is racist

The Great Gatsby – Nick

Nick : Narrator

  • non-judgemental –  “Whenever you feel like criticizing any one,” he told me, “just remember that all the people in this world haven’t had the advantages that you’ve had.”  pg 1
  • People Frequently open up to him and he is bored of this and thinks its shallow.Most of the confidences were unsoughtfrequently I have feigned sleep, preoccupation, or a hostile levity when I realized by some unmistakable sign that an intimate revelation was quivering on the horizon; pg1 

“If personality is an unbroken series of successful gestures, then there was something gorgeous about him.”

  • What your like, How you act, Your morals/values , How people view you as a human being.
  • Something continuous, Things that come one after another linking together. 
  • Constant, Whole
  • Working/worked
  • Movement , “make a gesture towards someone”
  • unbroken success –  normal people make mistakes


Romeo and Juliet Exercise

Act 1 Scene 5 –Line 144

“And she steal love’s sweet bait from fearful hooks”

in the shakespear sonnet there is a line thata says “And she steal love’s sweet bait from fearful hooks” thsi is a metaphore meaning that her love for romeo is like a fish stealing bait from a hook – the closer she/the fish gets the more dangerous it becomes.

“Now old desire doth in his death-bed lie”


the bridge

The Boat Man

I saw her cross the bridge, rumor has it she has a new lover. Days pass and I still see her cross every morning.  On the 17th morning after she had crossed a soldier came and stood on the bridge stopping everyone trying to cross. the message came saying that her husband was returning home. she tried to cross the bridge to get home before he did. I watch as she argues with a soldier, then she runs off to me. As she approche I remember my own wife and children i need the money to feed and look after them. the price was to expensive for her. she runs away and i watch her running across the bridge again, but this time drops just before she reaches land.


The 5th Element – Scene Analysis

Plavalaguna “Opera”

  • Listen to soundtrack and write what you
  • instrumental than opera singing starts, talking , knocking on door , more talking , fighting , back to singing , sounds searching for searching , singing , more intense sounds , sound of things breaking and falling over , change in temp speeds up (makes it sound or intense
  • mid shot
  • Eye angle
  • Zoom
  • Over the shoulder
  • Long shot
  • High angle
  • Low angle
  • Long sustained shots
  • Tracking shot
  • Craine
  • Flash back
  • Cut between scenes